Nag Panchami is a spiritual Hindu festival that connects devotees with the divine serpent energy. It will be celebrated on Monday, August 21 in 2023.

Nag Panchami 2023



From Mythology to Rituals: The Fascinating Tale of Nag Panchami

In the vibrant tapestry of Hindu festivals, Nag Panchami stands out as a unique and captivating celebration. With its roots tracing back to ancient times, this auspicious occasion holds deep meaning and significance in the Hindu religion. Nag Panchami, also known as the Festival of Snakes, is a day dedicated to worship of snakes, the divine serpent deities. This enchanting festival showcases the reverence and awe, that Hindus hold for snakes, which are believed to embody immense spiritual power and protection.

Nag Panchami derives its name from two elements: "Nag," meaning snake, and "Panchami," representing the fifth day of the bright half of the lunar month of Shravan. This festival falls in the months of July or August, a time when the monsoon rains breathe life into the parched land. In Hindu mythology, snakes are regarded as the powerful guardians of the earth's hidden treasures and secret realms. Nag Panchami serves as a reminder to honor and respect these mystical creatures.


Nag Panchami Date in 2023


Nag Panchami 2023: A Sacred Date in the Hindu Calendar

Nag Panchami is a Hindu festival dedicated to the worship of snakes. It is celebrated on the fifth day of the lunar month of Shravan, which falls in the monsoon season. The date of Nag Panchami changes every year, as it is based on the Hindu lunar calendar. In 2023, Nag Panchami will be celebrated on Monday, August 21.

The festival of Nag Panchami is a time to pray to the snake gods for protection from snakebite and other misfortunes. It is also a time to ask for blessings for good health, wealth, and prosperity. On this day, people offer prayers and sacrifices to snakes, such as milk, rice, flowers, and fruits. They also create special shrines for snakes and decorate them with flowers and rangolis. In some parts of India, people also perform a ritual called "naga-bhanga," which involves breaking a clay pot filled with milk. This is believed to ward off snakebite.

Here is a more detailed explanation of how the Naga Panchami date is calculated:

  • The Hindu calendar is a lunisolar calendar, which means that it is based on both the cycles of the moon and the sun.
  • The lunar month of Shravan begins when the moon is new.
  • The fifth day of the lunar month of Shravan is called Nag Panchami.
  • The Naga Panchami date changes every year because the lunar month of Shravan does not always start on the same day of the Gregorian calendar and thus, Naag Panchami 2023 is on 21st August.


Unveiling the Legends of Nag Panchami

In the epic Mahabharata, the legend of Nag Panchami is intertwined with the story of Janamejaya, the great-grandson of Arjuna. Janamejaya sought vengeance for his father's death caused by a serpent bite. In his anger, he performed a grand yajna (sacrificial ritual) called the Sarpa Satra, intending to exterminate all snakes. However, during the yajna, a wise sage named Astika intervened and stopped the slaughter of the serpents. Impressed by Astika's wisdom and compassion, Janamejaya granted him a boon. This event is commemorated on Nag Panchami, symbolizing the victory of wisdom, restraint, and the importance of coexistence between humans and serpents.

According to Hindu scriptures, snakes are associated with Lord Shiva and are believed to represent kundalini, the coiled serpent energy residing within every human being. By worshipping snakes on Nag Panchami, devotees seek blessings to awaken their dormant spiritual energy and attain higher consciousness. The serpent deity, Lord Sheshnag, is venerated as the king of all Nagas and the divine serpent on whom Lord Vishnu rests.

Nag Panchami is also celebrated as a way to mitigate the dangers posed by snakes in daily life. It is believed that offering prayers and seeking the benevolence of Nagas can safeguard individuals and their families from snakebites and other perils associated with serpents. This festival serves as a reminder of the delicate balance between humans and nature, fostering a sense of harmony and respect for all living creatures.


Nag Panchami: Vibrant Celebrations Across India

Nag Panchami in India is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor. This vibrant festival brings together people from different walks of life to honor and worship the revered serpent deities.

Nag Panchami Celebrations in Maharashtra: In the state of Maharashtra, the city of Nagpur holds a special place for Nag Panchami celebrations. The famous Nag Mandir in Nagpur attracts a multitude of devotees who gather to offer prayers and seek blessings from the snake deities. The temple is beautifully adorned with flowers and vibrant decorations, creating an enchanting atmosphere.

Nag Panchami Celebrations in Karnataka: In the southern state of Karnataka, the celebration of Nag Panchami takes on a unique form. In the village of Kukke Subramanya, nestled amidst the picturesque Western Ghats, devotees flock to the Subramanya Temple dedicated to Lord Subramanya, the serpent deity. The highlight of the festivities is the Nagaradhane ritual, where live cobras are worshipped and offered milk as a gesture of reverence.

Nag Panchami Celebrations in West Bengal: In West Bengal, the city of Kolkata reverberates with joyous celebrations during Nag Panchami. The renowned Manasa Devi Temple in the heart of the city witnesses a surge of devotees who pay homage to Goddess Manasa, the serpent goddess. Elaborate processions, music, and dance performances add to the grandeur of the festivities.

Nag Panchami Celebrations in Rajasthan: Moving to the northern part of India, the state of Rajasthan showcases a distinct flavor in its Nag Panchami celebrations. In the city of Jaipur, the festival is marked by a unique tradition known as 'Mandawa Ka Nag.' A large procession is carried out, where a lifelike wooden snake is paraded through the streets amidst cheering crowds. This tradition symbolizes the importance of snake worship in the region.

Nag Panchami Celebrations in Varanasi: In the holy city of Varanasi, located on the banks of the sacred river Ganges, Nag Panchami is observed with great reverence. Devotees visit the famous Nag Vasuki Temple, where they offer milk, flowers, and prayers to the serpent deity. The serpents are believed to reside in the underground chambers of the temple, adding an air of mysticism to the celebrations. These are just a few glimpses of the grandiloquent celebrations of Nag Panchami in India. Regardless of the region, the festival brings communities together, fostering a sense of devotion, spirituality, and respect for the mystical serpent energy that is deeply ingrained in Hindu culture.


Nag Panchami Pooja: Vidhi(Rituals)

The preparations for Nag Panchami Pooja typically begin a day in advance. Devotees clean their homes and sanctify the pooja area, creating a sacred space to invite the serpent deities. An intricately designed image or idol of a snake, often made of silver or clay, is placed on a beautifully decorated platform or altar.

On the day of Nag Panchami, the pooja commences with the chanting of mantras and the lighting of incense sticks and oil lamps. Devotees offer fresh flowers, fruits, milk, honey, and vermillion to the serpent deity, symbolizing reverence and gratitude. Some may also offer naivedya (food offerings) and special delicacies like kheer (rice pudding) and ladoos as prasad.

The most significant aspect of Nag Panchami Pooja is the recitation of powerful mantras dedicated to the serpent deities. The popular mantra chanted during this pooja is the Naga Gayatri Mantra, seeking the blessings and protection of the Nagas. Devotees recite these mantras with devotion and focus, invoking the divine energy of the serpent deities.

In some regions, a live cobra or a replica of a snake is worshipped during Nag Panchami Pooja. However, it is important to note that handling live snakes can be dangerous and should only be done by trained professionals. Therefore, it is recommended to use symbolic representations of snakes, such as images or idols, for the pooja.


Nag Panchami: A Tapestry of Devotion and Spiritual Significance

At the conclusion of the Nag Panchami Pooja, devotees offer their prayers and seek the blessings of the serpent deities for prosperity, good health, and protection from snake-related perils. The prasad, blessed during the pooja, is distributed among family members and devotees as a sacred offering.

Nag Panchami Puja is a deeply spiritual and devotional practice that connects devotees with the divine serpent energy. It is a time to express reverence, seek blessings, and cultivate a sense of harmony with the natural world.

(Note: Please ensure that you consult with a qualified priest or religious authority for specific rituals and practices as they may vary based on regional customs and traditions.)


Nag Panchami Date (2021-2026)


Year Naga Panchami Date Day
2021 13 August Friday
2022 2nd August Tuesday
2023 21 August Monday
2024 9th August Friday
2025 29 July Tuesday
2026 17 August Monday